The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of the United Kingdom (UK) have signed a memorandum of understanding to develop a £107 million ($134 million) trust fund to support efforts by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries to scale up green financing and shift to low-emission, climate-resilient development.
|A corner of Hanoi. Photo: Pham Hung/ The Hanoi Times|
The UK–ASEAN Catalytic Green Finance Facility (ACGF) Trust Fund will leverage UK and ADB funds to accelerate a pipeline of low-carbon and climate-resilient infrastructure projects and catalyze financing from public and private capital sources. The fund will be part of the ASEAN Green Recovery Platform launched at COP26.
“We are facing a climate crisis and Southeast Asia needs rapid and innovative solutions to help countries raise financing to deliver their climate targets and ambitions,” said ADB President Masatsugu Asakawa. “This new fund will build on a longstanding UK–ADB partnership through an innovative revolving fund structure that will mobilize public and private funds and build a robust pipeline of climate projects in the region.”
ASEAN countries are grappling with increasing costs of climate change, which add to the existing investment needs of $210 billion per year for infrastructure in the region and exacerbate the heightened vulnerability of people and the economy after the COVID-19 pandemic.
“As a trusted partner to ASEAN, this UK financing delivered through the ADB is imperative to help deliver new honest and reliable green investment—creating jobs and putting UK expertise at the heart of tackling climate change,” said UK Minister for Asia Amanda Milling. “It’s another step in delivering the UK’s commitments made at COP26 in Glasgow last year.”
The fund will leverage financial resources for the ACGF, an ADB-managed regional green financing vehicle, owned by the ASEAN countries and ADB. Since its launch in 2019, the ACGF has attracted $2 billion in co-financing pledges and included five projects in its formal financing pipeline. It has helped develop a longer pipeline of 29 green infrastructure projects and provided advisory support that has enabled countries to tap capital markets through the issuance of more than $5.6 billion in green bonds. The UK–ACGF Trust Fund will build on these efforts and support countries through loans and technical assistance to mobilize capital, including through regional initiatives such as the Blue SEA (Southeast Asia) Finance Hub, based in Indonesia.
ADB recently elevated its ambition to deliver climate financing to its developing member countries to $100 billion from 2019 to 2030. ADB is committed to ensuring at least 75% of the total number of its operations will support climate change mitigation and adaptation by 2030. The UK is a founding member of ADB.
Vietnam, as one of the world's most vulnerable countries to climate change, pledged to reach its net zero carbon emissions target by 2050. The country said international funding would help it speed up the low-carbon journey.
As part of the Hanoi’s efforts to achieve a GRDP growth rate of 7-7.5% for the 2021-2025 period, the Hanoi People’s Committee has set the long-term goal of restructuring the local economy in line with revising the growth model, which would be based on digitalization, development of a digital economy, energy transition to green growth, and a circular economy.